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Volume 3, Issue 2, 2024


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In recent decades, the demand for electricity has continuously increased. Power generation facilities are predominantly situated at substantial distances from consumption centers, necessitating transmission over extensive, high-voltage lines. Such configurations lead to significant energy losses and diminished capacity and capability of transmission systems. Consequently, enhancements in transmission line performance have become a focal point for power system operators. The integration of the flexible alternating current transmission system (FACTS) technology has emerged as a pivotal solution, facilitating dynamic control over power flow and amplifying the existing capacity of power lines without the need for constructing new infrastructure. Among various FACTS devices, the static synchronous series compensator (SSSC) plays a crucial role by injecting variable capacitive or inductive reactance as required, thereby optimizing power flow and enhancing voltage stability. This review paper meticulously examines the functionality of different FACTS technologies, with a specific focus on the SSSC. Comparative analyses of transmission line performance, uncompensated, compensated through traditional series capacitors, and enhanced via SSSC, were conducted. The findings underscore the versatility of SSSC in reducing transmission losses and stabilizing network operations. This investigation not only details the operational benefits of SSSC but also explores its potential in addressing contemporary challenges in power transmission systems.
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